For thousands of years, the Ruby has been considered one of the most valuable gemstones on Earth. It has everything a precious stone should have: magnificent color, outstanding hardness and terrific brilliance. In addition to that, it is an extremely rare gemstone, especially in finer quality. The most important thing about Ruby is its color. It was derived from the Latin word ‘rubens’, meaning ‘red’. The red of the Ruby is warm and fiery. The great associations of Ruby are the symbolism of this color: fire and blood, implying warmth and life for mankind. So Ruby-red is absolutely undiluted, it is hot, passionate and a power color. Instead of symbolizing a calm, controlled affection, a ring set with a precious Ruby bears witness to that passionate, unbridled love that people can feel for each other.
When the gemstone experts refer to a ‘Burmese ruby’, they are talking about the top luxury category. However, it does not necessarily follow that the stone is of Burmese origin. It is basically an indication of the fact that the color of the Ruby in question is that typically shown by stones from the famous deposits in Burma (now Myanmar), a rich, full-red with a slightly bluish undertone. The color is sometimes referred to as ‘pigeon-blood-red’, but the term ‘Burmese color’ is more fitting. A connoisseur will immediately associate this color with the legendary ‘Mogok Stone Tract’ and the gemstone centre of Mogok in the North of Myanmar. Here, the country’s famous ruby deposits lie in a mountain valley surrounded by high peaks.
Ruby is the red variety of the mineral corundum, one of the hardest minerals on Earth. Pure corundum is colorless. Slight traces of elements such as chrome, iron, titanium or vanadium are responsible for the colors of corundum. These gemstones have excellent hardness of 9 on the Mohs Hardness Scale. Only red corundum is entitled to be called Ruby. The element that colors Ruby is chromium and the amount of chromium present determines how intense the red is.
Ruby is the birthstone for July and the preferred gifts for both the 15th and the 40th anniversary.
Main Sources include, Afghanistan , Kenya , Malawi, Madagascar , Myanmar (Burma), India, Sri Lanka , Tanzania , Thailand and Vietnam.
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